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Schech's Mill, Caledonia Township, Houston County 1973

Schech's Mill, Caledonia Township, Houston County 1973
 
Houston Census Information
 
Estab:  February 23, 1854
Parent County:  Fillmore
 
 
 
Houston county with county seat
 

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Houston County

Established February 23, 1854, this county was named in honor of Samuel Houston, who was president of Texas before its annexation by the United States and afterward was a senator from that state. He was born near Lexington, Va., March 2, 1793; and died in Huntsville, Tex., July 26, 1863. In his youth he lived several years with the Cherokee Indians near his home in eastern Tennessee; later he served in the Creek War, 1813-14, winning the admiration of Gen. Andrew Jackson by his bravery in a battle, after being severely wounded; studied law and was admitted to practice, 1818-19; was a member of Congress from Tennessee, 1823-27; and was governor of that state, 1827-29.

On account of an uncongenial marriage, he resigned the governorship, retired to life in the Arkansas Territory, whither the Cherokee had been removed, and again lived with them, becoming a trader. In December 1832, he went to Texas under a commission from President Andrew Jackson, looking toward its purchase for the United States. In 1835 he was elected commander-in-chief of the Texans, and in the battle of San Jacinto, April 21, 1836, he defeated the Mexicans and captured their general, Santa Anna, ending the war.

Houston was president of the Texas republic, 1836-38 and 1841-44. Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845, being admitted as a state, and Houston was elected one of its senators, which position he held by reelections for 13 years, until 1859. Later he was governor of Texas, 1859-61, being an opponent of secession.

In the years 1854-56, when antagonism between the North and South on slavery questions gave presages of the Civil War, Houston aspired to nomination as the Democratic candidate for the national presidency; and in October 1854, the general Democratic committee of New Hampshire earnestly recommended him to be "the people's candidate" for the campaign in 1856. His popularity in Minnesota at that time is attested by the name of this county; and he is likewise commemorated by counties in Tennessee and Texas, and by names of cities and villages in Texas, Mississippi, Missouri, and other states.

Several biographies of Sam Houston, as he always styled himself, have been published. Marble statues of him and Stephen F. Austin, sculptured by Elisabet Ney of Texas, and erected as the gift of that state in Statuary Hall of the national capitol, were accepted February 25, 1905, with memorial addresses by members of Congress representing Texas, Tennessee, Missouri, and Arkansas.

 

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