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Photographer standing near whirlpool rapids below St. Anthony Falls, Minneapolis, 1865

Photographer standing near whirlpool rapids below St. Anthony Falls, Minneapolis, 1865

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  Your search for Red River valley in all of Minnesota returned the following:

General Features

An important contrast is exhibited by the vegetation in different parts of Minnesota. Forest covers its northeastern two-thirds approximately, while about one-third, lying at the south and southwest and reaching in the Red River Valley to the Canadian line as also the part of this valley north to Lake Winnipeg, is prairie. Half of the state, on the northeast, had originally extensive tracts of very valuable white pine and red pine, which have been mostly cut down by lumbermen. Interspersed with these and other evergreen species, as the spruces, balsam fir, and arbor vitae, were tracts of maple, elm, bass, oak, ash, and other deciduous trees. The Big Woods, a translation from the early French name, Grand Bois, occupied a large area west of the Mississippi, including Wright, Carver, Scott, and Le Sueur Counties, with parts of adjacent counties. Until its timber was cleared off for cultivation of the land in farms, this area was heavily wooded with the deciduous forest, shedding its leaves before winter, lying south of the geographic range of the pines and their allies.

An exceedingly flat plain adjoins the Red River, having an imperceptible descent northward, as also from each side to its central line. Along the axial depression the river has cut a channel 20 to 60 feet deep. It is bordered by only a few and narrow areas of bottomland, instead of which its banks usually rise steeply on one side and by moderate slopes on the other to the broad valley plain that thence reaches nearly level 10 to 25 miles from the river. This vast plain, lying half in Minnesota and half in North Dakota, with continuation into Manitoba and so stretching from Lake Traverse and Breckenridge north to Lake Winnipeg, a distance of 300 miles, is the widely famed Red River Valley, one of the most productive wheat-raising districts of the world.